Commonly Prescribed First Generation/Typical Antipsychotics
Use: Medications used to treat severe aggression, psychosis, schizophrenia, mania, or tics.
Common Side Effects: Drowsiness, weight gain, dry mouth, stomach upset, QTc interval prolongation, restlessness, dystonia (uncontrollable muscle contractions), tardive dyskinesia (repetitive, involuntary movements), parkinsonism (slowness, stiffness, and tremor), neuroleptic malignant syndrome (rare, but fatal), and seizures.
Note: “No antipsychotics have been approved for treating psychosis or agitation in elderly patients with dementia. In fact, no drug has been approved for these symptoms…the black-box warning is not a contraindication, and clinicians still have the option of using these drugs for dementia patients at their discretion.” –American Psychiatric Association